Any of the following comprehensive guides may be useful for planning, conducting, and reporting research. For quoting and paraphrasing, you need to consult the print version of the MLA style manual, or the following electronic and written resources:

1. Electronic Resources

University of Wisconsin, Madison: Writing Center Writer's Handbook and Citing Electronic Sources

Michigan State University: "Citation Guides and Generators"

2. Recommended Guidebooks

Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. 3rd edition (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing) Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2003.

Gordon Harvey. Writing With Sources: A Guide for Students. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1998.

Cash Phyllis and Sharon Sorenson. How to Write Research Papers. Georgetown, CT: Arco Pub, 1998.

David Rosenwasser. Writing Analytically with Readings. Florence, KY: Wadsworth, 2007.

Eviatar Zerubavel. The Clockwork Muse: A Practical Guide to Writing Theses, Dissertations, and Books. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.


The following general, print, on-line, specialized, and translation-related journals can familiarize you with common topics, approaches and general trends within the discipline of Comparative Literature.


1. Journals available (print only)

Comparative Criticism: "An annual journal of comparative literature and cultural studies" containing "major articles on literary theory and criticism; on a wide range of comparative topics; and on interdisciplinary debates." (Cambridge University Press)

New Comparison: "A Journal of Comparative and General Literary Studies" (BCLA: British Comparative Literature Association)

2. Electronic bibliographies

Electronic Literary Journal Projects: A catalogue of links to journals, magazines, and essays pertaining to literary studies. Located in Berlin.

Tocs-In: (University of Toronto) archives the tables of contents of over 150 journals of interest to classicists.

Johns Hopkins University's Project Muse: Comparative Literature Studies

Revues électroniques traitant du monde antique: Tables of contents and other information pertaining to electronic journals in literary criticism. "The most comprehensive directory of information about more than 150,000 publications and more than 8000 newspapers around the world." Not restricted to online publications.

3. Print and electronic journals in all fields 

Recommended for students who want to get a general idea of the field from an American perspective:

Comparative Literature: (University of Oregon) The official journal of the American Comparative Literature Association is “sympathetic to a broad range of theoretical and critical approaches” and remains “strongly committed to presenting the work of talented young scholars breaking new ground in the field.” The journal publishes essays that “explore intersections among national literatures, global literary trends, and theoretical discourse."

Bryn Mawr Review of Comparative Literature

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture: A WWWeb Journal: (Purdue University) "publishes scholarship in the widest definition of the discipline of comparative literature and culture and combines traditional comparative literature with comparative cultural studies."

Critical Inquiry: (University of Chicago) "Critical exchange and scholarly debate in all areas of the arts and humanities....aimed at the general reader interested in contemporary cultural issues."


Specialized Journals:

1. Period-related journals (print)

Speculum: A journal dedicated to Medieval Studies. "The primary geographic focus is on Western Europe, but Byzantine, Hebrew, Arabic, and Slavic Studies are also included."

Studies in the Renaissance

Renaissance Quarterly

Renaissance News

Eighteenth Century Life
: Studies all aspects of European life during the enlightenment.

Eighteenth Century Studies: Studies of all aspects of Eighteenth Century life, including literature.

Modernism / Modernity: Concentrates on "the period extending roughly from 1860 to the present...focuses systematically on the methodological, archival, and theoretical exigencies particular to modernist studies. It encourages an interdisciplinary approach linking music, architecture, the visual arts, literature, and social and intellectual history."

Modern Fiction Studies: "Devoted to criticism and scholarship of fiction of the twentieth century," this journal contains "essays in cultural criticism," as well as "articles on prominent works of modern and contemporary literature" and book reviews.

MLN: Modern Language Notes: Published five times a year, each time with one of five topics: Comparative Literature, Italian, German, Hispanic, or French

2. Period-related journals (electronic)

Postmodern Culture: an electronic journal of interdisciplinary criticism.

Journal of the History of Ideas: "examines the evolution of ideas and their influence on historical developments....covers several fields of historical study including the history of philosophy, literature, the natural and social sciences, religion, the arts, and culture in general.

3. Theory- and context-oriented journals

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics: a multilingual journal appearing annually in the spring, presents articles in Arabic, English and occasionally French. “Its multidisciplinary nature allows different traditions and languages to confront and complement each other.”

Cultural Studies: An international journal which explores the relation between cultural practices, everyday life, and various contexts. The editors seek to foster a “more open analytic, critical and political conversations by encouraging people to push the dialogue into fresh, uncharted territory.” Special issues focus on topics, often “not traditionally associated with cultural studies, and occasional issues present a body of work from a particular national, ethnic or special tradition.”

Diacritics: (Project Muse) Each issue of this journal "features articles in which contributors compare and analyze books on particular theoretical works and develop their own positions on the theses, methods, and theoretical implications of those works." 

Jouvert: a multi-disciplinary journal focusing on Postcolonial; appears tri-annually and “offers a forum for the interrogation of textual, cultural and political postcolonialisms.” The journal’s title refers to the Trinidadian Creole word for the opening morning of Carnival; it suggests trajectories” of a “second- and third-generation postcolonialism.”

Symploke: a comparative literature and theory journal whose editors “support new and developing notions of comparative literature and theory, and are committed to interdisciplinary studies, intellectual pluralism, and open discussion;” their focus is “on the interrelations among philosophy, literature, culture criticism and intellectual history, though we will consider articles on any aspect of the intermingling of discourses and disciplines.” The Greek word “symploke” means interweaving, interlacing, connection and struggle.

Tympanum: A journal of comparative literature studies, including articles on national and comparative literatures, philosophy, the spatial and plastic arts, architecture, and film, mainly from a poststructuralist perspective. The Latin word “tympanism” (from the Greek “drum”) refers to the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound.

4. Translation-oriented Journals

The websites of the American Comparative Literature Association (ACLA) and the European Society for Translation Studies (EST) include helpful lists of the main online resources for doing research in the field:


EST: The EST Newsletter: published bi-annually by the European Society for Translation Studies (EST), which is an international society of translation for translators and interpreting scholars whose professional practices and research revolve around translation and language interpreting (traductologie, Übersetzungswissenschaft, traductología are common translations of “Translation Studies” in French, German and Spanish respectively).

Translation: A Translation Studies Journal: published by the Translation Studies Research Focus Group of the Interdisciplinary Humanities Center at the University Of California, Santa Barbara.

New Voices in Translation Studies: refereed electronic journal published by Dublin City University and co-sponsored by IATIS and the Centre for Translation and Textual Studies (CTTS).

Dimension2: (English and German) Selected articles from The Second Dimension, which intends to continue the tradition started in 1968 with the bilingual journal Dimension. The Dimension archive is held by the Beinecke Rare Book Library here at Yale.



Comparative Literature is an interdisciplinary program that studies literature as it shapes and is shaped by fields such as science, economics, philosophy, politics, and other cultural and historical forces. Due to its reflected and systematic comparisons, it can focus on literature across national and cultural boundaries in an effort to learn about its nature, function, and value. Students have the opportunity to explore theory and cultural studies, as well as read literature in original languages and in translation.

Comparative Literature is versatile and helps develop intercultural skills useful anywhere in the global arena. Graduates may go on to study literature in graduate school, or, because of their training in research, critical thinking, and writing, are also prepared for law school and other professional schools.

Additionally, many careers do not require a specific major, but are chosen on the basis of personal interests, skills, preferences, and ambitions. Thus graduates can also pursue careers in business, government, education, and the non-profit sector. Regardless of your career plans, it is important to develop your expertise and skills through internships, responsible work experience, a high GPA, and participation in cross-cultural campus activities at Barnard College and Columbia University.

Comparative Literature is about crossing borders: the way different languages shape the perceptions and ideas of the people who speak them, the ways writers in one location read others distant in time or place, the ways cultural movements link up individuals from different regions of the world, the ways the local plays against the national and the global. Comparative Literature means making connections in the world contexts.

Our majors have gone on to careers in business, finance, law, international relations and foreign affairs, social work, medicine, education, journalism, publishing, arts and culture administration, fiction-writing, as well as translation and interpretation. Recent graduates have pursued or are currently pursuing Ph.Ds at programs in comparative literature as well as English, French, and Spanish at such universities as Columbia, Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and Rutgers.



United States:

Brown University, Department of Comparative Literature

Columbia University, Center for Comparative Literature and Society

Columbia University, English and Comparative Literature

Columbia University, Modern European Studies (Masters Degree)

Duke University, Graduate Program in Literature

Indiana University

Penn State University

Rutgers University

University of Arkansas

University of California, Berkeley

University of California, Davis

University of California, Irvine

University of California, Los Angeles

University of Chicago

University of Illinois, at Urbana-Champaign

University of Maryland, College Park

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

University of Oregon

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

Washington University, St. Louis


Université de Montréal, Litterature Comparée

Carleton University